Happy In(ter)dependence Day

Veterans Day Parade, Knoxville, November 2016

What does the 4th of July mean to you? I once asked a group of seventh grade students why we celebrate on that date and, sadly, most of them couldn’t tell me. The ones who had some vague notion, assumed that we declared our independence and it was so – no real understanding of what it meant to fight for it, let alone protect it. So, amidst the barbecue and fireworks, it’s worth considering, again.

We did, of course, declare our independence or freedom from the rule of Great Britain. But who was free and what did that mean? Women and poor whites still couldn’t participate in the democracy. Indigenous people were still free to be killed without penalty to the killers. Most Africans in this country were considered property. It doesn’t sound that much like freedom for most people.

Fourth of July Fireworks, Knoxville, 2016

Eventually, we got most of that right. It took another 89 years and a civil war to free Africans and their descendants. Most of the mass killings of native people stopped about 115 years after the Declaration of Independence. Women got the vote after 144 years. Native Americans got the vote in 1924, 148 years after the signing ceremony. Lynchings of black people diminished after the 1960s, after almost 200 years. It’s a long road to freedom, and it’s longer for some than for others.

One of the reasons I’ve always loved cities is the fact that in a short walk I can encounter the best and the worst we have to offer. It keeps me grounded. The best and worst smells and sounds are accompanied by our best in architecture and arts, our richest citizens and our poorest. Those with everything and those with nothing necessarily cross paths.

Veterans Day Parade, Gay Street, Knoxville, November 2017

In his book, Market Square: the Most Democratic Place on Earth, Jack Neely quotes a newspaper writer from 1900 who declared, “Market Square is the most democratic place on earth. There the rich and the poor, the black and the white, jostle each other in perfect equality . . .” Both the poor and the black referenced in that quote might have quibbled with the “perfect equality,” portion of the quote, but the idea is valid that all may be found occupying a common space, and it’s true today.

So, have we perfected the democracy? Hardly anyone, no matter their political persuasion or station in life would make such a claim. Many of our problems are only too obvious. We have a massive and rapidly growing gap between the poorest and richest citizens. We incarcerate more of our citizens than any other industrialized country in the world and we kill each other at a rate not seen elsewhere in the developed world. It’s hardly perfect.

Fourth of July Fireworks, Knoxville, 2016

And we are divided as ever, it seems. Of course, we have conservatives vs liberals, or red and blue states as it is popularly presented. Rural and urban America seem to have different versions of how that perfected democracy might be shaped. Common phrases indicate the divide: Culture wars, wars on women, fake news. Each side seems ready to ridicule and humiliate the other. Honest debate seems relegated to the realm of losers. We’re so divided that liberals are judged over whether they are liberal enough and conservatives equally battle with other conservatives over hewing to the party line to the point of being in lockstep.

As I was walking past a local coffee shop this week, I overheard a man who, if I understood him correctly, seemed to be making an argument for celebrating an “Interdependence Day.” It’s an interesting thought. As Americans we are hell-bent on independence. The American ideal of the lone maverick charting his own path regardless of obstacles or convention is a very nationalized ideal. The self-made man, the Lone Ranger – that’s who we idealize.

Veterans Day Parade, Gay Street, Knoxville, November 2017

But it’s a myth. We are all interdependent. No billionaire got there without the labor of others. No politician gained power without votes. No one is self-made. We all get help along the way from parents or other relatives, from friends or simply good people – and from good fortune, luck or blessings we didn’t earn, however you may want to characterize it. As a country we have benefited well beyond what we deserve from immigrants, from flukes of geography and history and from the sacrifices of many good people.

Maybe this Independence Day is a good day to consider our interdependence. We need each other. We need people who have yet to enter the country. You and I have gotten help from others and we’ll get it again. Others need the help we can offer. Rather than continuing our course of wallowing in our social media-fueled self-righteousness, this might be a good time to consider listening more and talking less, recognizing the good in others before we attack them for their weaknesses and recognizing that none of us have all the answers.

Happy Interdependence Day.


  1. Angela C. says

    Great article, Alan! You made many points that would be good for all of us to spend time contemplating.

  2. Well said.

  3. James M. Green says


  4. Jack Pennington says

    Outstanding article.

  5. Steven Covey in his book The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People says that maturity is a progression. Dependence -> Independence -> Intedependence.

    The purpose of independence is to learn who I am and what it is that I uniquely have to bring to a community.

    Interdependence is living in healthy community, using my uniqueness for the common good

    Loved your article.

  6. Truth!! Thank you for this thought provoking blog! Celebrating the possibilities!

  7. Judith Meyer says

    Excellent and timely reflection, Alan. Thank you.

  8. Thank you Alan. Your thoughtful comments are appreciated.
    I had always enjoyed July 4th holiday as a child and young adult because like the children you mentioned, I didn’t really think deeply about what “Independence Day” really meant. The narrative of our nation’s history that we learned in school was something different than what I have researched and learned about as an adult. Genocide of Native American people. Kidnaping and enslavement of millions of Africans. Brutality, rape, inhumane separating of families through “selling” human beings as property, inhumanity of bondage propped up by the church and legal under the law. Terror lynchings, Jim Crow, disenfranchisement, inhumane treatment of African Americans AFTER emancipation. And now continued systemic racism and inequality in all parts of society, mass incarceration and police brutality of African Americans including killing of unarmed individuals by police without consequences. And this is America. Not all of America, but a huge part of America. No, we have not gotten it mostly fixed quite yet.
    So I have no interest in celebrating the 4th. Perhaps someday America will become what it should be–home to ONE human family. Then, I will light a sparkler.
    Difficult topics to reflect on, but I can’t think of anything more pressing for people who really love what America could be.
    Check out Equal Justice Initiative. eji.org

    • Your gripe seems to be with human history, not America. Nevertheless, I hope one day you come to live in a place or country you can be proud of. Although I dare say that if such a place ever comes about, it will owe its origin at least in some part to the very America (1600s-present) that you so look down upon.

  9. Nicely said.

  10. This is one of your best essays Alan. Thanks so much for reminding us of our fundamental interdependence as human beings, and as Americans. We, the people…

Speak Your Mind


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.